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Ottawa Indian Tribe

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Ottawa Indian Genealogy

Ottawa (from ǎdāwe, 'to trade', `to buy and sell,' a term common to the Cree, Algonkin, Nipissing, Montagnais, Ottawa, and Chippewa, and applied to the Ottawa because in early traditional times and also during the historic period they were noted among their neighbors as intertribal traders and barterers, dealing chiefly in cornmeal, sunflower oil, furs and skins, rugs or mats, tobacco, and medicinal roots and herbs).

      On French river, near its mouth, on Georgian bay, Champlain in 1615 met 300 men of a tribe which, he said, "we call les cheueux releuez." Of these he said that their arms consisted only of the bow and arrow, a buckler of boiled leather, and the club; that they wore no breechclout, and that their bodies were much tattooed in many fashions and designs; that their faces were painted in diverse colors, their noses pierced, and their ears bordered with trinkets. The chief of this band gave Champlain to understand that they had come to that place to dry huckleberries to be used in winter when nothing else was available. In the following year Champlain left the Huron villages and visited the "Cheueux releuez" (Ottawa), living westward from the Hurons, and he said that they were very joyous at "seeing us again." This last expression seemingly shows that those whom he had met on French river in the preceding year lived where he now visited them. He said that the Cheueux releuez waged war against the Mascoutens ( here erroneously called by the Huron name Asistagueronon), dwelling 10 days' journey from them; he found this tribe populous; the majority of the men were great warriors, hunters, and fishermen, and were governed by many chiefs who ruled each in his own country or district; they planted corn and other things; they went into many regions 400 or 500 leagues away to trade; they made a kind of mat which served them for Turkish rugs; the women had their bodies covered, while those of the men were uncovered, saving a robe of fur like a mantle, which was worn in winter but usually discarded in summer; the women lived very well with their husbands; at the catamenial period the women retired into small lodges, where they had no company of men and where food and drink were brought to them. This people asked Champlain to aid them against their enemies on the shore of the fresh-water sea, distant 200 leagues from them. Read more...

History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan
Complete book on line, provides a small sampling of Ottawa and Chippewa words

Ottawa Indian Treaties

Treaty With The Wyandot, Etc., January 21, 1785
Treaty With The Wyandot, Etc., January 9, 1789
Treaty With The Wyandot, Etc., August 3, 1795
Treaty With The Wyandot, Etc., July 4, 1805
Treaty With The Ottawa, Etc., November 17, 1807
Treaty With The Chippewa, Etc., November 25. 1808
Treaty With The Wyandot, Etc., September 8, 1815
Treaty with the Ottawa Etc., August 24. 1816
Treaty With The Wyandot, Etc. September 29, 1817
Treaty With The Wyandot, Etc. September 17, 1818
Treaty with the Ottawa and Chippewa, July 6, 1820
Treaty with the Ottawa, August 29, 1821
Treaty with the Sioux, August 19, 1825
Treaty with the Winnebago, August 25, 1828
Treaty with the Chippewa, July 29, 1829
Treaty With The Ottawa, August 30, 1831
Treaty With The Ottawa, February 18, 1833
Treaty With the Chippewa, Etc., September, 26, 1833
Treaty With The Ottawa, Etc., March 28, 1836
Treaty with the Potawatomi Nation, June 5 And 17, 1846
Treaty With The Ottawa And Chippewa, July 31, 1855
Treaty With The Ottawa Of Blanchard's Fork And Roche De Buf, June 24, 1862
Treaty With The Seneca, Mixed Seneca And Shawnee, Quapaw, Etc., February 23, 1867

Ottawa of Kansas

Handbook of American Indian, Hodge
Ottawa History
Ottawa Divisions
Ottawa Treaties
Ottawa Chiefs

Indian Tribes of North America, Swanton
Ottawa Indians of Michigan

Post an Ottawa Query

Native American Nations


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