- Wish-osk, Gibbs in Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, III, 422, 1853
(given as the name of a dialect on Mad River and Humboldt Bay).
- Wish-osk, Powell in Cont. N.A. Eth., III, 478, 1877
(vocabularies of Wish-osk, Wi-yot, and Ko-wilth). Gatschet in
Mag. Am. Hist., 162, 1877 (indicates area occupied by family).
Gatschet in Beach, Ind. Misc., 437, 1877.
- Wee-yot, Gibbs in Schoolcraft, Ind. Tribes, III, 422, 1853
(given as the name of a dialect on Eel River and Humboldt Bay).
- Weitspek, Latham in Trans. Philolog. Soc. Lond., 77, 1856
(includes Weyot and Wishosk). Latham, Opuscula, 343, 1860.
- Klamath, Keane, App. Stanford’s Comp. (Cent. and So. Am.),
475, 1878 (cited as including Patawats, Weeyots, Wishosks).
Derivation: Wish-osk is the name given to the Bay and Mad River
Indians by those of Eel River.
This is a small and obscure linguistic family and little is known
concerning the dialects composing it or of the tribes which speak
Gibbs110 mentions Wee-yot
and Wish-osk as dialects of a general language extending “from Cape
Mendocino to Mad River and as far back into the interior as the foot
of the first range of mountains,” but does not distinguish the
language by a family name.
Latham considered Weyot and Wishosk to be mere dialects of the same
language, i.e., the Weitspek, from which, however, they appeared to
him to differ much more than they do from each other. Both Powell
and Gatschet have treated the language represented by these dialects
as quite distinct from any other, and both have employed the same
The area occupied by the tribes speaking dialects of this language
was the coast from a little below the mouth of Eel River to a little
north of Mad River, including particularly the country about
Humboldt Bay. They also extended up the above-named rivers into the
Patawat, Lower Mad River and Humboldt Bay as far south as
Weeyot, mouth of Eel River.
Wishosk, near mouth of Mad River and north part of Humboldt Bay.
Indian Linguistic Families of America North of Mexico, 1891